London, Oct 21 (IANS) People who consume a diet having flavanol-rich foods and drinks such as tea, apple and berry juice, could have lower blood pressure, according to a new study.
The findings published in the journal 'Scientific Reports' studied the diet of more than 25,000 people in the UK and compared the food they ate with their blood pressure.
In contrast to most other studies investigating links between nutrition and health, the researchers measured flavanol intake objectively using nutritional biomarkers -- indicators of dietary intake, metabolism or nutritional status present in our blood.
The difference in blood pressure between those with the lowest 10 per cent and the highest 10 per cent of flavonol intake was between two and four millimetres of mercury (mmHg).
This is comparable to meaningful changes in blood pressure observed in those following a Mediterranean diet or Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. The effect was more pronounced in participants with hypertension.
Previous studies in large populations have always relied on self-reported data to draw conclusions but this is the first study to objectively investigate the association between a specific bioactive compound and health.
"We are delighted to see that in our study, there was also a meaningful and significant association between flavanol consumption and lower blood pressure," said study author Gunter Kuhnle from the University of Reading, US.
"What this study gives us is an objective finding of the association between flavanols -- found in tea and some fruits -- and blood pressure," Kuhnle added.
The research confirms the results from previous dietary intervention studies and shows that similar results could be achieved with a habitual diet rich in flavanols. In British diet, the main sources are tea, cocoa, apples and berries.
The study found that the biggest difference was observed in participants with the highest blood pressure.
It suggests if the general public increased its flavanol intake, there could be an overall reduction in cardiovascular disease incidence.
"This study adds key insights into a growing body of evidence supporting the benefits of dietary flavanols in health and nutrition," the authors wrote.
Bengaluru, Nov 25 (IANS) South Western Railway's (SWR) Divisional Railway Manager, Ashok Kumar Verma, on Tuesday flagged off the first export-bound New Modified Goods (NMG) rake from the Hosur railway station to neighbouring Bangladesh.
This is the first NMG rake dispatched by the South Western Railway to Bangladesh.
Speaking to reporters, Verma said the rake consisting of 25 wagons loaded with 100 light commercial vehicles (LCVs) is called "Dost" and has been manufactured by Ashok Leyland. It left for Benapole railway station in Bangladesh.
He said that transportation of automobiles by train is safer and faster compared to transportation by road. "Nont only it is safe and cheaper, but it is also easy to monitor the movement of the consignment in trains with real-time check in practice," he said.
The SWR in a statement claimed that earlier, the Bengaluru division had dispatched two export-bound NMG rakes to Nautanwa (Nepal) from the Penukonda railway station. "Overall, the division has loaded 128 NMG rakes during the current financial year," the statement added.
Verma said the Bengaluru division, which was mainly transporting raw materials and essential commodities, took to loading of automobiles for the first time when it transported 175 tractors from the Doddaballapur railway station to Phuleria in Rajasthan on April 29 this year.
Upbeat about change in the recent policies such as two points unloading of NMG rakes and exemption of terminal charges for automobiles, Verma said that these policy changes have certainly boosted the loading of automobiles by India in Railways.
"In 2020-21, five NMG rakes have been loaded from Hosur. Apart from the rake that left for Bangladesh today, 5,528 two-wheelers have been sent in four rakes to Mandideep in Madhya Pradesh," the Verma said.
The SWR statement added that during the current year, 65 rakes of automobiles manufactured by TAFE, mainly tractors, have been transported by train from the Doddaballapur railway station near Bengaluru.
Till date, a total of 5,600 cars have been transported to Farukh Nagar in Haryana and Nautanwa in Uttar Pradesh from Penukonda in 55 rakes.