Las Vegas, Dec 3 (IANS) Taking on rivals like Google which has claimed to have attained "quantum supremacy", Amazon's Cloud arm Amazon Web Services (AWS) on Monday announced a new service that will help scientists, researchers and developers to begin experimenting with computers from multiple quantum hardware providers in a single place.
Called "Amazon Braket", the new service is designed to let you get some hands-on experience with qubits and quantum circuits, the company said as it kicked off its annual flagship conference titled "AWS Re: Invent" here.
"You can build and test your circuits in a simulated environment and then run them on an actual quantum computer. Amazon Braket is a fully managed AWS service, with security & encryption baked in at each level," said Jeff Barr, Chief Evangelist at AWS.
Based on quantum bits, the computers of the future will not use classical bits but "qubits" which are not limited to binary and can have properties of 0 and 1 simultaneously, thus trying every possible number and sequence simultaneously to unlock vast amounts of data.
The current bits in computers store information as either a 1 or 0, thus limiting the potential to make sense when faced with gigantic volumes of data.
AWS also announced an "AWS Center for Quantum Computing" adjacent to the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) that will bring together the world's leading quantum computing researchers and engineers in order to accelerate development of quantum computing hardware and software.
Quantum computing is definitely not mainstream today, but that time is coming. It is a very powerful tool that can solve certain types of problems that are difficult or impossible to solve classically," said Barr.
The company also announced Amazon Quantum Solutions Lab -- a new programme to connect AWS customers with quantum computing experts from Amazon and a very select set of consulting partners.
"Our goal is to make sure you know enough about quantum computing to start looking for some appropriate use cases and conducting some tests and experiments," Barr added.
Google CEO Sundar Pichai announced in October that Google's team of researchers has achieved a big breakthrough in quantum computing known as "quantum supremacy".
"It's a term of art that means we've used a quantum computer to solve a problem that would take a classical computer an impractically long amount of time," Pichai said.
Not just Google but several tech giants like Microsoft, IBM and Intel have joined the race to build a scalable quantum computer. IBM has unveiled its quantum computer with 53 qubits.
By Nirbhay Kumar
New Delhi, Dec 16 (IANS) Fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) firms have topped the list of customers complaints list for over-charging ever since the new indirect tax regime Goods and Services Tax (GST) was rolled out on July 1, 2017.
Restaurateurs came second, followed by entertainment and media firms.
As per official data, as many as 42 consumer complaints were registered against various FMCG companies with many of them found to be not passing the benefits of lower tax rates.
As GST rates were cut across various categories in the GST Council meetings to reduce tax incidence on consumers, the companies were expected to pass on the benefit by lowering prices in proportion to the rate reduction.
It was, however, found that many companies had not passed on the benefit of lower tax and indulged in profiteering. Complaints were later filed against them and the GST anti-profiteering watchdog National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) took up the cases.
Some of the FMCG majors like Hindustan Unilever Ltd (HUL), Procter & Gamble India (P&G) and Nestle were found to have profiteered from the lower tax regime.
In the latest case, the NAA last week ordered Nestle to deposit Rs 73.15 crore with Consumer Welfare Fund for not passing GST rate reduction benefit to consumers. The FMCG major has, however, said that it will consider appropriate action after studying the same.
Experts said that it is very difficult for FMCG companies to assess the exact impact of the lower tax given that they have multiple similar products in one category.
Moreover, they sell products for as low as Rs 2 for a shampoo pouch and when the rate is lowered they are not in the position to exactly assess the impact on price. Even if the assessment is done and it is found that the price should be lower by 30 paise, transaction becomes difficult as currency of that amount is not available.
"Because of multiple products of similar kind it is difficult for FMCG companies to arrive at a particular price. There are very small units like toffee selling for Re 1. In this case it will be very difficult to arrive at net impact of rate cut," said Amit Bhagat, Partner, Dhruva Advisors.
Besides FMCG, many restaurants are also facing complaints with 14 cases being lodged. Two complaints were filed against sanitary ware firms. Media and entertainment firms have six complaints against them.
(Nirbhay Kumar can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org)