Washington, Dec 3 (IANS) US President Donald Trump has said that he will immediately restore tariffs on all imports of steel and aluminium from Brazil and Argentina.
"Brazil and Argentina have been presiding over a massive devaluation of their currencies, which is not good for our farmers," Efe news quoted the US President as saying in a tweet on Monday.
"Therefore, effective immediately, I will restore the Tariffs on all steel & aluminium that is shipped into the US from those countries," he added.
In May 2018, the Argentine government announced that it would put limits on its aluminium and steel exports to the US in order to avoid the tariffs announced by Trump.
A few days later, the Brazilian government accepted an agreement with the US on quotas, under which it accepted a 10-per cent tariff on aluminium and limits on its steel sales.
The US President demanded the Federal Reserve to lower interest rates.
"The Federal Reserve should likewise act so that countries, of which there are many, no longer take advantage of our strong dollar by further devaluing their currencies," he said.
Monetary manipulation, according to Trump, "makes it very hard for our manufactures & farmers to fairly export their goods."
"Lower Rates & Loosen - Fed!" the US President added.
"US Markets are up as much as 21 per cent since the announcement of Tariffs on 3/1/2018," the US President said in another tweet, "and the US is taking in massive amounts of money (and giving some to our farmers, who have been targeted by China)!"
The currencies of Chile, Colombia and Brazil hit historic lows against the dollar last week due to political instability, pending reforms, popular demands for social equality and growing uncertainty due to a trade war with no truce in sight.
In Argentina, despite last year's incessant devaluation, the dollar remained stable.
After three consecutive cutbacks, model interest rates in the US are currently between 1.5 and 1.75 per cent, while the Fed generally believes that further adjustments are unnecessary.
Last week in its report known as the "Beige Book," the Fed indicated that the US economy maintained a "modest" growth between October and mid-November, and presents a generally "positive" perspective of inflation under control as the year ends.
For its part, the US Commerce Department reported last Friday that the economy grew at an annual rate of 2.1 per cent between July and September, two-tenths more than was estimated a month ago, and a tenth more than the 2 per cent growth in the previous quarter.
Private economists are more optimistic with regard to the progress of the US economy than in past months, above all in light of the outlook that the Trump government will reach an accord with China that puts an end to the trade war with that economic giant.
Optimism about a swift agreement that will eliminate the tariffs imposed by the two trade partners has led to stock market records being broken.
In September, Brazil's Foreign Minister Ernesto Araujo said during a visit to Washington that his government and the US would soon reach a free trade agreement but gave no specific date when that would happen.
The Brazilian official said the governments of Trump and Jair Bolsonaro were negotiating "in generic terms" and that the goal was to determine quotas for the exchange of specific goods, such as meat and steel, so that later a deal can be reached that eliminates or substantially lowers tariffs.
According to the Office of the US Trade Representative (USTR), trade in goods and services between the US and Brazil added up to $103 billion in 2018.
Bengaluru, Nov 25 (IANS) South Western Railway's (SWR) Divisional Railway Manager, Ashok Kumar Verma, on Tuesday flagged off the first export-bound New Modified Goods (NMG) rake from the Hosur railway station to neighbouring Bangladesh.
This is the first NMG rake dispatched by the South Western Railway to Bangladesh.
Speaking to reporters, Verma said the rake consisting of 25 wagons loaded with 100 light commercial vehicles (LCVs) is called "Dost" and has been manufactured by Ashok Leyland. It left for Benapole railway station in Bangladesh.
He said that transportation of automobiles by train is safer and faster compared to transportation by road. "Nont only it is safe and cheaper, but it is also easy to monitor the movement of the consignment in trains with real-time check in practice," he said.
The SWR in a statement claimed that earlier, the Bengaluru division had dispatched two export-bound NMG rakes to Nautanwa (Nepal) from the Penukonda railway station. "Overall, the division has loaded 128 NMG rakes during the current financial year," the statement added.
Verma said the Bengaluru division, which was mainly transporting raw materials and essential commodities, took to loading of automobiles for the first time when it transported 175 tractors from the Doddaballapur railway station to Phuleria in Rajasthan on April 29 this year.
Upbeat about change in the recent policies such as two points unloading of NMG rakes and exemption of terminal charges for automobiles, Verma said that these policy changes have certainly boosted the loading of automobiles by India in Railways.
"In 2020-21, five NMG rakes have been loaded from Hosur. Apart from the rake that left for Bangladesh today, 5,528 two-wheelers have been sent in four rakes to Mandideep in Madhya Pradesh," the Verma said.
The SWR statement added that during the current year, 65 rakes of automobiles manufactured by TAFE, mainly tractors, have been transported by train from the Doddaballapur railway station near Bengaluru.
Till date, a total of 5,600 cars have been transported to Farukh Nagar in Haryana and Nautanwa in Uttar Pradesh from Penukonda in 55 rakes.