By Vishal Gulati
Mohali (Punjab), Sep 11 (IANS) Science poses surprises - sometimes failures and sometimes successes, according to Nobel laureate Serge Haroche, who said on Wednesday that Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) scientists will certainly try to fix the problem with India's first moon lander.
"I don't know what happened with this (moon lander Vikram) but they will certainly try to solve the problem," Haroche, 75, told IANS on the sidelines of the 'Nobel Prize Series India 2019' event here, near the state capital Chandigarh.
An optimistic Haroche, who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2012, said failures occur in science.
"Science is something where you are going in the unknown...you have surprises, sometime good surprises and sometime you have bad surprises and failures," Haroche explained, whose research has mostly taken place in the Kastler Brossel laboratory at the Ecole Normale Superieure in France.
Categorically saying that he is ignorant about what actually happened with the moon lander, Haroche said the equipmet had worked up to the last stage and then "you have some kind of failure".
The problem, he said, was that there was too much expectation and excessive media attention around the mission, and "when you lose, you take the risk that when there is a failure, there is a big amplification of disappointment and so on".
"I think the people who work in this area should know that there are failures. Since a lot of money is involved in science, it has to do with economic and politics and I don't like this mixture," he said.
"The best investment a country can make is investing in young minds. It is important for India to make sure that a large faction of them should come back to India because we need these people here," he added.
Haroche was at the National Agri-Food Biotechnology Institute in Mohali for the three-day 'Nobel Prize Series India 2019' event aimed at highlighting issues related to education and learning. The event, where Nobel laureates give lectures and participate in roundtables with experts, teachers and students, will also be held in Ludhiana and New Delhi.
"In India we have good education in mathematics, in theoretical physics and in astro physics. I think we need to put money into small-scale physics projects even if it doesn't have the media attention to the big projects like moon landing," said the Nobel laureate, who is a member of the French and European Academies of Sciences.
In response to another query, he said: "The politicians have to understand that they have to invest a lot of money for longer period of time in basic research."
Asked about US President Donald Trump calling climate change a hoax, Haroche replied: "He has no mind so he cannot change it."
Nobel Prize Series India 2019 is organized by Nobel Media in cooperation with the Department of Biotechnology, the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Punjab State Council for Science and Technology.
(Vishal Gulati can be reached at email@example.com)
New York, Sep 19 (IANS) UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has announced a new initiative aimed at ensuring decent job creation and protecting livelihoods to boost climate action and urged countries to join the project.
The new 'Climate Action for Jobs' initiative, announced on Wednesday, will be presented at the Secretary-General's 2019 Climate Action Summit on September 23 at the UN Headquarters in New York.
The initiative has been developed jointly by the Climate Action Summit, together with the International Labour Organization (ILO) and other members of the summit's Social and Political Drivers Action Area, co-led by Spain and Peru.
It provides a roadmap for ensuring that people's jobs and well-being were at the centre of the transition to a carbon-neutral economy.
"Today -- along with the ILO and partners Spain and Peru -- we are launching the Climate Action for Jobs, an initiative to put job creation and protecting livelihoods at the centre of national climate action plans," Guterres said.
"Some 1.2 billion jobs or 40 per cent of world employment rely directly on a healthy and stable environment. Business cannot succeed on a planet that fails. Jobs cannot be sustained on a dying planet.
"We will need government, businesses and people everywhere to join these efforts so we can put climate action into a higher gear," he added.
The new initiative calls on countries to formulate national plans for a just transition, creating decent work as well as green jobs, and also sets out specific measures for inclusion in these plans, including assessing the employment, social, and economic impacts of climate action.
Also implementing skills development and upgrading measures and designing innovative social protection policies to protect workers and vulnerable groups.
According to the ILO, measures to green the production and use of energy will lead to net job gains of some 24 million jobs by 2030.
As emissions have increased to record levels and global temperatures continue to rise, the Climate Action Summit aims to galvanise actions that will reduce emissions and build climate resilience.
It will launch concrete initiatives that governments, businesses and people everywhere can join to boost climate action.
ILO Director-General, Guy Ryder, who will be attending the UN Climate Action Summit, said: "The actors in the world of work -- governments, employers and workers -- have a key role to play in developing new ways of working that safeguard the environment for present and future generations, eradicate poverty and promote social justice by fostering sustainable enterprises and creating decent work for all."