New Delhi, Sep 10 (IANS) As India hit back at Pakistan at the UNHRC over the latters attempt to rake up Kashmir, former diplomats said that Islamabad was doing it for the sake of "domestic propaganda" and that most countries have acknowledged that revoking Kashmir's special status is India's internal matter.
Former Foreign Secretary Lalit Mansingh told IANS: "I think that India is facing this with confidence, because the ground situation in Kashmir is well within control. Most of the countries that India has approached have acknowledged that it is an internal matter for India, and there should be no outside interference."
G. Parthasarathy, former envoy to Islamabad, told IANS: "The fact of the matter is that Pakistan has not done its preparation. Even to get it (country-specific UNHRC resolution) admitted, it needs 24 votes, not counting abstentions. So, I don't know why they got into all this. They are doing this for domestic propaganda."
According to Mansingh, besides support for India over its move on Kashmir, there is also "a strong sentiment against terrorism, which actually makes people understand what India is facing in Kashmir".
He said that there was also this fear that "if the Taliban withdrew from Afghanistan, it would increase pressure on Kashmir, because in the past this has also happened that the terrorist groups would move from Afghanistan, and with Pakistan's encouragement, get into Kashmir and other parts of India".
Mansingh said despite the "usual noises" being made, the "situation seems to be favorable for India".
"But we have seen that most countries are taking a rational view of the situation, and not rushing to support Pakistan, which it is asking for".
He also said that "one of the arguments which actually helps us is that there are enormous violations of human rights going on within Pakistan and in Pakistan occupied Kashmir, and we plan to highlight that at Geneva. So Pakistan will be on the defensive."
According to Parthasarathy, India can argue "point by point" on the Kashmir issue at the UNHRC, including explain that those political leaders who have been placed under detention would be released. They were taken under detention as "they were threatening agitations" at the time when Kashmir's special status was being revoked.
The Indian government has also promised economic progress in Kashmir after revoking its special status. "Today their main crop is apple export crop. The government of India arranged it in a manner never done by the state government before, to see that the farmer gets his due. We've been tackling it in multiple ways," he added.
New York, Sep 19 (IANS) UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has announced a new initiative aimed at ensuring decent job creation and protecting livelihoods to boost climate action and urged countries to join the project.
The new 'Climate Action for Jobs' initiative, announced on Wednesday, will be presented at the Secretary-General's 2019 Climate Action Summit on September 23 at the UN Headquarters in New York.
The initiative has been developed jointly by the Climate Action Summit, together with the International Labour Organization (ILO) and other members of the summit's Social and Political Drivers Action Area, co-led by Spain and Peru.
It provides a roadmap for ensuring that people's jobs and well-being were at the centre of the transition to a carbon-neutral economy.
"Today -- along with the ILO and partners Spain and Peru -- we are launching the Climate Action for Jobs, an initiative to put job creation and protecting livelihoods at the centre of national climate action plans," Guterres said.
"Some 1.2 billion jobs or 40 per cent of world employment rely directly on a healthy and stable environment. Business cannot succeed on a planet that fails. Jobs cannot be sustained on a dying planet.
"We will need government, businesses and people everywhere to join these efforts so we can put climate action into a higher gear," he added.
The new initiative calls on countries to formulate national plans for a just transition, creating decent work as well as green jobs, and also sets out specific measures for inclusion in these plans, including assessing the employment, social, and economic impacts of climate action.
Also implementing skills development and upgrading measures and designing innovative social protection policies to protect workers and vulnerable groups.
According to the ILO, measures to green the production and use of energy will lead to net job gains of some 24 million jobs by 2030.
As emissions have increased to record levels and global temperatures continue to rise, the Climate Action Summit aims to galvanise actions that will reduce emissions and build climate resilience.
It will launch concrete initiatives that governments, businesses and people everywhere can join to boost climate action.
ILO Director-General, Guy Ryder, who will be attending the UN Climate Action Summit, said: "The actors in the world of work -- governments, employers and workers -- have a key role to play in developing new ways of working that safeguard the environment for present and future generations, eradicate poverty and promote social justice by fostering sustainable enterprises and creating decent work for all."